qScript cDNA SuperMix

Superior cDNA synthesis in a Single Step

Features & Benefits

  • Stabilized 5X concentrated master mix minimizes pipetting to significantly improve assay accuracy
  • Sensitive first-strand cDNA synthesis of RNA sequences ≤1kb for quantitative and conventional two-step RT-PCR
  • Broad linear dynamic detection range with limiting (10pg) or plentiful (4ug) samples of total RNA
  • Pre-blended with ribonuclease inhibitor protein (RIP) to prevent RNA template degradation during incubation and a proprietary blend of random and oligo(dT) primers, optimized to deliver unbiased representation of 5’ and 3’ sequences

qScript cDNA SuperMix is intended for molecular biology applications. This product is not intended for the diagnosis, prevention or treatment of a disease.

Description

qScript cDNA SuperMix is a sensitive and easy-to-use 1-tube reagent for first-strand cDNA synthesis that combines a highly-modified RNAse H+ mutant of M-MLV together with ribonuclease inhibitor protein (RIP) in a rigorously optimized formulation for real-time qPCR applications. The stabilized SuperMix formulation has been rigorously optimized to deliver sensitive, linear assay performance across a spectrum of relative abundance and input RNA (10pg - 1ug). qScript cDNA SuperMix reagent performance is unaffected by repetitive freeze/thaw cycling (>20X), conferring greater ease-of-use and consistent assay performance. Oligo (dT) and random primers are pre-blended in a precise ratio to provide equal representation of 5' and 3'-sequences for accurate gene expression quantification. For gene-specific priming (GSP) or two-step RT-PCR of RNA exceeding 1kb total length, see our qScript Flex cDNA Kit.

 

qScript cDNA SuperMix is intended for molecular biology applications. This product is not intended for the diagnosis, prevention or treatment of a disease.

Performance Data

qRT-PCR Dynamic Range


Linearity - ACTB

qScript cDNA Supermix was used for first-strand cDNA synthesis using log-fold serial dilutions of HeLa cell total RNA from 1 µg to 1 pg. Eight replicate cDNA reactions were performed for each input quantity of RNA. 1/10th of each first-strand reaction was used for qPCR of the ACTB gene using PerfeCTa™ SYBR Green SuperMix.


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Reproducibility


Reproducibility - CDKN1B

qScript cDNA SuperMix was used for 48 independent first-strand reactions containing 100 ng or 100 pg of HeLa cell total RNA template. 1/10th of each first-strand reaction was used for TaqMan&reg; qPCR of CDKN1B using PerfeCTa&trade; qPCR SuperMix.


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High Sensitivity, Low Copy mRNA


Higher Yield (more accurate representation) of low abundance gene with qScript - PP2A

First-strand synthesis was carried out using 1 &micro;g HeLa cell total RNA with either qScript cDNA SuperMix or SuperScript&reg; III First-Strand Synthesis System for RT-PCR. 5 ng total RNA equivalent (1/200th of each cDNA reaction) was used for SYBR Green qPCR of PP2A gene with PerfeCTa&trade; SYBR Green SuperMix. Inset: Dissociation (melt curve) analysis of SYBR Green qRT-PCR products shows amplification of correct amplicon in qScript reactions. Lower cDNA yield from SuperScript III reactions results in amplification of non-specific product.


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High Sensitivity qRT-PCR


Sensitivity - TRRAP comparison to SuperScript III SuperMix First Strand SuperMix for qPCR & QuantiTect Reverse Transcription Kit

First-strand cDNAs were synthesized following each manufacturers protocol with 1 &micro; or 1 ng of HeLa cell total RNA as template. 1/10th of first-strand reactions were used for qRT-PCR of 5'-end region of TRRAP gene with PerfeCTa&trade; SYBR Green SuperMix. Averaged plots from 4 replicate qPCR reactions are shown.


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Protocol Comparison


Protocol Comparison

Easy-to-use cDNA SuperMix format 


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Details

  • Contents

    Single-tube, 5X concentrated reagent containing:

    • Reaction buffer with optimized concentrations of molecular-grade MgCl2, dATP, dCTP, dGTP, dTTP
    • Recombinant ribonuclease inhibitor protein (RIP)
    • qScript reverse transcriptase
    • Titrated concentrations of random hexamer and oligo(dT) primer
    • Proprietary enzyme stabilizers and performance-enhancing additives
  • Storage & Handling
    Store components in a constant temperature freezer at -25°C to -15°C upon receipt. Repeated freezing and thawing does not affect functional performance. For lot specific expiry date, refer to package label, Certificate of Analysis or Product Specification Form.

    Thaw completely on ice then pulse vortex to mix and briefly spin-down to collect contents before opening tube. 5X concentrated reagent is viscous. Do not immerse pipet tip below liquid surface when drawing out material.

  • Related Resources
    Technical Notes
    Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
    CofA (PSF)
    Product Manuals
    Publications
    Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 Modulates Cbl-b and Constrains T Cell Activation
    Charles W. Tran, The Journal of Immunology - 2017
    Abstract
    The decision between T cell activation and tolerance is governed by the spatial and temporal integration of diverse molecular signals and events occurring downstream of TCR and costimulatory or coinhibitory receptor engagement. The PI3K–protein kinase B (PKB; also known as Akt) signaling pathway is a central axis in mediating proximal signaling events of TCR and CD28 engagement in T cells. Perturbation of the PI3K–PKB pathway, or the loss of negative regulators of T cell activation, such as the E3 ubiquitin ligase Cbl-b, have been reported to lead to increased susceptibility to autoimmunity. In this study, we further examined the molecular pathway linking PKB and Cbl-b in murine models. Our data show that the protein kinase GSK-3, one of the first targets identified for PKB, catalyzes two previously unreported phosphorylation events at Ser476 and Ser480 of Cbl-b. GSK-3 inactivation by PKB abrogates phosphorylation of Cbl-b at these two sites and results in reduced Cbl-b protein levels. We further show that constitutive activation of PKB in vivo results in a loss of tolerance that is mediated through the downregulation of Cbl-b. Altogether, these data indicate that the PI3K–PKB–GSK-3 pathway is a novel regulatory axis that is important for controlling the decision between T cell activation and tolerance via Cbl-b.
    The search for proteins involved in the formation of crustacean cuticular structures
    Shai Abehsera, Hydrobiologia - 2018
    Abstract
    Crustacean cuticular structures are key features formed during a molt cycle. These structures are complex biomaterials comprising chitin and different mineral forms in distinct scaffold organizations. The formation of these complex biomaterials is controlled by the organic extracellular matrix including structural proteins. Since cuticular structures are formed de novo during each molt cycle, the spatial and temporal expression patterns of structural proteins are tightly linked to molt cycle events. As a model scenario, we demonstrate the molt-related pattern of expression of the gene encoding GAP65, a core structural protein involved in the formation of the cuticular structures of Cherax quadricarinatus. Based on this typical pattern of expression and using a binary-patterning approach, which is a specialized tool for the study of molt-related proteins, we revealed and characterized additional candidate proteins involved in the formation of crustacean cuticular structures. We propose that our approach be applied as a framework in the search for proteins involved in the formation of the crustacean cuticle. To stimulate research on this important aspect of structural biology, we put forward a schematic representation of the extracellular matrix and its proteins in three cuticular structures of C. quadricarinatus, the gastroliths, the mandibles, and the mineralized cuticle.
    Loss of IGF1R in human astrocytes alters complex I activity and support for neurons
    Laura E. Ratcliffe, Neuroscience - 2018
    Abstract
    The insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) signalling pathways are implicated in longevity and in progression of Alzheimer’s disease. Previously, we showed that insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) and downstream signalling transcripts are reduced in astrocytes in human brain with progression of Alzheimer’s neuropathology and developed a model of IGF1 signalling impairment in human astrocytes using an IGF1R-specific monoclonal antibody, MAB391. Here, we have established a novel human astrocyte-neuron co-culture system to determine whether loss of astrocytic IGF1R affects their support for neurons. Astrocyte-neuron co-cultures were developed using human primary astrocytes and differentiated Lund Human Mesencephalic Cells (LUHMES). Neurite outgrowth assays, performed to measure astrocytic support for neurons, showed astrocytes provided contact-mediated support for neurite outgrowth. Loss of IGF1R did not affect neurite outgrowth under control conditions but when challenged with hydrogen peroxide IGF1R-impaired astrocytes were less able to protect LUHMES. To determine how loss of IGF1R affects neuronal support MAB391-treated astrocytes were FACS sorted from GFP-LUHMES and their transcriptomic profile was investigated using microarrays. Changes in transcripts involved in astrocyte energy metabolism were identified, particularly NDUFA2 and NDUFB6, which are related to complex I assembly. Loss of complex I activity in MAB391-treated astrocytes validated these findings. In conclusion, reduced IGF1 signalling in astrocytes impairs their support for neurons under conditions of stress and this is associated with defects in the mitochondrial respiratory chain in astrocytes.
    NLRP3 inflammasome mediates oxidative stress-induced pancreatic islet dysfunction.
    Marina Sokolova, American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism - 2018
    Abstract
    Inflammasomes are multi-protein inflammatory platforms that induce caspase-1 activation and subsequently interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 processing. The NLRP3 inflammasome is activated by different forms of oxidative stress, and based on the central role of IL-1β in the destruction of pancreatic islets, it could be related to the development of diabetes. We therefore investigated responses in wild-type C57Bl/6 (WT), NLRP3-/- and ASC-/- mice after exposing islets to short-term hypoxia or alloxan induced islet damage. NLRP3 deficient islets compared to WT islets had preserved function ex vivo and were protected against hypoxia-induced cell death. Further, NLRP3 and ASC deficient mice were protected against oxidative stress-induced diabetes caused by repetitive low dose alloxan administration, and this was associated with reduced β-cell death and reduced macrophage infiltration. This suggests that the beneficial effect of NLRP3 inflammasome deficiency on oxidative stress-mediated β-cell damage could involve reduced macrophage infiltration and activation. To support the role of macrophage activation in alloxan-induced diabetes, we injected WT mice with liposomal clodronate which causes macrophage depletion prior to induction of a diabetic phenotype by alloxan treatment resulting in improved glucose homeostasis in WT mice. We show here that the NLRP3 inflammasome acts as a mediator of hypoxia and oxidative stress in insulin producing cells, suggesting that inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome could have beneficial effects on β-cell preservation.
    Pegylated interferon beta in the treatment of the Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus mouse model of multiple sclerosis
    Francesca Gilli, Journal of Neuroimmunology - 2017
    Abstract
    We evaluated the effects of pegylated-interferonβ-1a (pegIFNβ) therapy on intrathecal antibody responses, disability progression, and viral load in the CNS in mice infected with the Theiler's virus (TMEV), an animal model of progressive disability in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). The lack of a direct antiviral activity in the CNS, the absence of any effect upon the intrathecal immune response, and the failure to treat disease progression, indicate that the immunomodulatory effects of pegIFNβ-1a likely occur in the systemic circulation rather than within the CNS. These results may be relevant to the relative lack of effect of IFNβ in progressive MS relative to relapsing MS.
    Click here to see all Publications
    FAQs
    In conventional cDNA-synthesis, an RNA-denaturation step is often included (typically 65 degrees C for 15 min.). Such a step is not mentioned in the protocol for the qSript cDNA SuperMix, is it not needed?
    We have not seen any need or benefit to including an RNA denaturation step with the qScript cDNA SuperMix. We have examined hundreds of different amplicons using real-time RT-PCR and have not seen any difference. However, there are exceptions to every rule – especially when it comes to RT-PCR. Disruption of RNA secondary structures, immediately prior to carrying out cDNA synthesis, is critical when using oligo-dT or gene-specific priming. Inclusion of the denaturation step is also important when using oligo-dT primer for generating long first strand products (i.e. amplification of full length genes). Our qScript Flex cDNA Synthesis kit allows the flexibility to choose the method of your choice (oligo-dT, random primer, gene-specific primer, or any combination thereof) for priming first-strand synthesis. We have been able to generate cDNAs that were over 15-kb long with this kit. How the denaturation step is carried out is very important. Often, incubation of RNA and primer in water alone at elevated temperatures can result in non-specific hydrolysis and degradation of the RNA. The qScript Flex kit includes a special additive in the primer solutions, as well as a separate tube of this enhancer solution for use with gene-specific primers, that protects the RNA from hydrolysis and facilitates efficient annealing of the primer(s). In the case of the cDNA SuperMix, it is possible that annealing of random primers to the RNA may facilitate disruption of secondary structure, and thus obviate the need for the denaturation step. Links to product information: qScript™ cDNA Synthesis, qScript™ cDNA, qScript™ Flex cDNA Links to product information: qScript™ cDNA Synthesis Kit:http://www.quantabio.com/pdf/manuals/95047%20(qScriptT%20cDNA%20Synthesis%20Kit%20PPS).pdf qScript™ cDNA SuperMix:http://www.quantabio.com/pdf/manuals/95048%20(qScript%20cDNA%20SuperMix%20PPS).pdf qScript™ Flex cDNA Kit:http://www.quantabio.com/pdf/manuals/95049%20(qScriptT%20Flex%20cDNA%20Synthesis%20Kit%20PPS).pdf
    What is the RNA input for qScript cDNA Supermix?
    The qScript cDNA Supermix provides for the quantitative conversion of 1µg to 10 pg total RNA to cDNA, with a reaction volume of 20 ul.
    What is the difference between qScript cDNA SuperMix and the qScript cDNA Synthesis kit? 
    qScript cDNA SuperMix is the first ""true"" SuperMix format commercially available for cDNA synthesis. A single tube reaction, of 5X concentrated master mix, provides all necessary components for first-strand synthesis (except RNA template) including: buffer, dNTPs, MgCl2, primers, RNase inhibitor protein, qScript reverse transcriptase and stabilizers. In the qScript cDNA Synthesis kit the qScript RT (mixture of RNase inhibitor protein and qScript reverse transcriptase) is provided as a concentrated enzyme. A separate tube contains a solution of 5X concentrated reaction buffer, dNTPs, MgCl2, and primers. Aside from the inclusion of the enzyme and the stabilizers in the qScript cDNA SuperMix, its formulation is also slightly different from the qScript cDNA Synthesis formulation.
    Do the cDNA Supermix and the cDNA synthesis Kits have the same dynamic range in RNA quantity?
    Both qScript cDNA Supermix and qScript cDNA Synthesis Kits have a broad linear dynamic range. We recommend using them for first-strand cDNA synthesis using HeLa cell total RNA dilutions ranging from 1 µg to 1 pg. One tenth of each first-strand reaction should be used for qPCR amplification. Within this range of HeLa total RNA, qPCR results should be equivalent with both kits. qScript cDNA synthesis kit may have advantages over the qScript cDNA Supermix in certain situations such as working with small quantities of RNA. qScript cDNA Supermix outperforms the qScript cDNA Synthesis kit when starting with quantities of total RNA in excess of 100 ng. qScript cDNA SuperMix can easily handle up to 2 ug of total RNA in a typical 20-uL first-strand reaction without compromising cDNA synthesis efficiency. With the qScript cDNA Synthesis Kit we recommend doubling the reaction volume to 40-uL and simply scaling each component proportionally.
    I am trying to amplify a very rare transcript. Can I scale up a cDNA synthesis reaction and use 2ug of mRNA?
    qScript cDNA SuperMix can easily handle up to 2 ug of total RNA in a typical 20-uL first-strand reaction without compromising cDNA synthesis efficiency. For the qScript cDNA Synthesis Kit we recommend doubling the reaction volume to 40-uL. Simply scale each component proportionally.
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